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Sorghum is a versatile and drought-tolerant cereal crop with various uses, including as a food grain, fodder, and raw material for biofuel. Sorghum, also known as Sorghum bicolor L., is a cereal grain that belongs to the grass family Poaceae. It is one of the top five cereal crops in the world. Sorghum is a nutritious grain, rich in carbohydrate, protein, fiber, and various vitamins and minerals, including B vitamins, iron, and magnesium. It is gluten-free, making it suitable for individuals with gluten intolerance or celiac disease. Sorghum is valued for its ability to grow in marginal lands with limited water resources, making it a sustainable option for farming in arid and semi-arid regions. Its deep root system helps improve soil structure, reduce erosion, and enhance soil fertility.